Pay tribute to victims of Sofiet aggression at the Alley of Martyrs, an alley of black granite tombstones and a memorial to those killed by the Soviet Army in January 1990. Set in a large, hilly cemetery close to the parliament building, the site features a stone memorial with a flame, plus a wide observation deck with a sweeping view of Baku and the Caspian Sea. You'll also see graves from the Nagorno-Garabagh conflict (1988-1994), a memorial to Turkish troops who opposed the Bolsheviks during the 1918 Battle of Baku, and a plaque with the names of 47 British soldiers killed in 1918-1919. Make Alley of Martyrs part of your personalized Baku itinerary using our Baku trip planner.
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Nice place to remember martyrs and enjoy the scenery. There are people exercising by running other use the steps. The place is panoramic from the hill side to the new places like old town and the flaming towers. Its pleasant to walk and especially during winter in the morning breeze. I like it but it's one time visit if you are not into scenes or sports. There is another place next to it with nice garden near the carpet museum.
In January of 1990 riots on street was building up day by day. We would call it Black January afterward. Hundreds of thousands of people required their national freedoms and democracy. The wave of revolt was increasing and we were just a step away from our independence. To extinguish the riot Soviets called their army and tanks to the city and killed 146 people overnight on January 20. Hundreds injured and more got to jail. This did not bring us independence immediately, however, the national spirit grew stronger. The highland park had chosen respectfully as martyr alleys and people were carrying martyrs on their shoulders from Freedom square to here to bury. From the day people look at Highland Park as a pilgrimage.
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